NAIJA REBRANDER

Tech: Mozilla adds website breach notifications to Firefox

Tech: Mozilla adds website breach notifications to Firefox
A screen displays the logo of the open-s
Mozilla is adding a new security feature to its Firefox Quantum web browser that will alert users when they visit a website that has recently reported a data breach.
When a Firefox user lands on a website with a breach in its recent past they’ll see a pop up notification informing them of the barebones details of the breach and suggesting they check to see if their information was compromised.
“We’re bringing this functionality to Firefox users in recognition of the growing interest in these types of privacy- and security-centric features,” Mozilla said today. “This new functionality will gradually roll out to Firefox users over the coming weeks.”
Here’s an example of what the site breach notifications look like and the kind of detail they will provide:
Mozilla’s website breach notification feature in Firefox
Mozilla is tying the site breach notification feature to an email account breach notification service it launched earlier this year, called Firefox Monitor, which it also said today is now available in an additional 26 languages.
Firefox users can click through to Monitor when they get a pop up about a site breach to check whether their own email was involved.
As with Firefox Monitor, Mozilla is relying on a list of breached websites provided by its partner, Troy Hunt’s pioneering breach notification service, Have I Been Pwned.
There can of course be a fine line between feeling informed and feeling spammed with too much information when you’re just trying to get on with browsing the web. But Mozilla looks to sensitive to that because it’s limiting breach notifications to one per breached site. It will also only raise a flag if the breach itself occurred in the past 12 months.
Data breaches are an unfortunate staple of digital life, stepping up in recent years in frequency and size along with big data services. That in turn has cranked up awareness of the problem. And in Europe tighter laws were introduced this May to bring in a universal breach disclosure requirement and raise penalties for data protection failures.
The GDPR framework also generally encourages data controllers and processors to improve their security systems given the risk of much heftier fines.
Although it will likely take some time for any increases in security investments triggered by the regulation to filter down and translate into fewer breaches — if indeed the law ends up having that hoped for impact.
But one early win for GDPR is it has greased the pipe for companies to promptly disclose breaches. This means it’s helping to generate more up-to-date security information which consumers can in turn use to inform the digital choices they make. So the regulation looks to be generating positive incentives.

social Media: Facebook debuts Lasso, a TikTok-style video app aimed at teens

social Media: Facebook debuts Lasso, a TikTok-style video app aimed at teens
In an attempt to court the youths who have been fleeing from its flagship platform, Facebook has once again dipped into its bag of tricks and pulled out a TikTok clone. Lasso, a music-filled video sharing app that Facebook has reportedly been working on since October, is available now for iOS and Android.
Facebook describes Lasso as an app that "makes it easy for anyone to create and share short videos with fun effects." The app will allow users to follow other creators, search for content using hashtags and create new, short videos using a suite of creative tools. Facebook makes sure to note that the app includes a "massive music library," which leverages it to take a shot at TikTok, an app that has gained popularity with lip sync videos.
Facebook Lasso
Because Lasso is owned by Facebook, it integrates into the company's ecosystem so you can sign in using an Instagram or Facebook account (or create one if you've managed to avoid the platform for this long). The app will need to access your profile page, photos and videos. When you make your own videos on Lasso, you'll be able to share them directly to your Facebook Story. A similar compatibility with Instagram stories is coming later this year, per The Verge.
You can get Lasso, which Facebook rolled out very quietly, starting today. The app already is filled with content, suggesting the app may have been able to a small group of community members before its public release.

Chengdu City of China Wants to Launch an 'Artificial Moon' to Replace Street Lights By 2020

Chengdu City of China Wants to Launch an 'Artificial Moon' to Replace Street Lights By 2020
The skyline in the city of Chengdu, China
The skyline in the city of Chengdu, China ( iStock )
The streets of Chengdu in western China could soon be lit up by an artificial satellite moon in the night-time, rather than the more conventional streetlights, if an ambitious plan by a private aerospace company gets the go-ahead.The thinking is to save a hefty sum in electricity costs, according to Wu Chunfeng, chairman of the Chengdu Aerospace Science and Technology Microelectronics System Research Institute Co., who is behind the scheme.
Rather than using up energy here on Earth, the satellite would reflect the Sun's rays from the other side of the planet back on to Chengdu.
Details are thin on the ground, but it sounds as though solar panel-like wings with a special reflective coating would be used to redirect sunbeams from space.
The illumination on the ground would be about eight times what you would expect from the actual Moon, Chunfeng says.
Speaking at an entrepreneur conference, Wu said the satellite will allow the light to be carefully controlled and kept to an area 10-80 kilometres (around 6-50 miles) in diameter. The light wouldn't be strong enough to interfere with nocturnal wildlife activities – or at least no more than streetlights, anyway – backers of the project say.
And the "dusk-like glow" that the fake moon would create would also be something of a tourist attraction for the area, according to the developers. The satellite could be picked up on a telescope, Fortune reports, if you don't want to make the trip to Chengdu.
Apparently the necessary technology has already been tested and the satellite itself could be ready to take to orbit as early as 2020.
Based on a report from the People's Daily in China, inspiration came from an unnamed French artist who wanted to hang a necklace made of mirrors up above Earth to reflect sunshine on Paris at night.
And the idea actually has some precedence, in a way: in the Norwegian town of Rjukan, which is so deep in a valley it gets no sunlight in the winter months, three computer-controlled mirrors sit on top of a nearby mountain to reflect the Sun's rays on to the town.
Of course pulling off the same trick in space requires a lot more technical expertise and a lot more money – unless the plan proves to be suitably cost-effective, it's unlikely to ever get off the ground (quite literally).
Previous attempts to harness the Sun's rays from space to reflect sunlight back to Earth have been hampered by mechanical and manufacturing difficulties. We'll have to wait and see whether Chunfeng and his team can actually pull this one off.
And if the satellite does get the thumbs up from the authorities, and enough funding behind it, it'll have to get in line: we're seeing satellites arriving in orbit to do everything from find aliens to provide internet.
So, we'll have to wait a couple of years to see whether this idea really does take off - but for now add it to the list of weird and wonderful space innovation ideas scientists are exploring.

Paul Gardner Allen, Co-founder Of Microsoft, Is Dead

Paul Gardner Allen, Co-founder Of Microsoft, Is Dead
Paul Allen, the co-founder of Microsoft, has passed on.
He died on Monday at the age of 65, following complications arising from non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. 
On October 1, 2018, Allen had revealed via a tweet that his lymphoma had returned.
The tweet read: "Some personal news: Recently, I learned the non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma I battled in 2009 has returned. I’ve begun treatment & my doctors are optimistic that I will see a good result. Appreciate the support I’ve received & count on it as I fight this challenge."
He founded Microsoft with Bill Gates in 1975, years after the two met as student-colleagues at a private school.
A statement on his passing by Microsoft Chief Executive Officer, Satya Nadella, read: "Paul Allen's contributions to our company our industry, and our community are indispensable. As co-founder of Microsoft, in his own quiet and persistent way, he created magical products, experiences,and institutions, and in doing so, he changed the world".

Leon Lederman The Physicist Who Coined the 'God Particle' and Sold His Nobel Prize to Pay Medical Bills Dies at 96

Leon Lederman The Physicist Who Coined the 'God Particle' and Sold His Nobel Prize to Pay Medical Bills Dies at 96
a man wearing a suit and tie:  Leon Lederman speaks at the panel discussion ‘Pioneers in Science’ at the World Science Festival held at The Graduate Center, Proshansky Auditorium, CUNY on May 29, 2008 in New York
© Photo:Getty Images Leon Lederman speaks at the panel discussion ‘Pioneers in Science’ at the World Science Festival held at The Graduate Center, Proshansky Auditorium, CUNY on May 29, 2008 in New York
Leon Lederman, the former head of the Fermi National Accelerator Lab and winner of the Nobel Prize in physics in 1988, died at a nursing home in Idaho on October 3rd. He was 96.
Lederman will perhaps best be remembered for coining the phrase “the God particle,” referring to the Higgs boson, which was theorized for decades before it was finally observed in 2012.
Sadly, Lederman had to sell his Nobel Prize in 2015 to help pay for his medical care for dementia, a horrifying indictment of the American health care system. The United States is the only advanced wealthy nation in the world that doesn’t guarantee health care to all of its citizens. The Nobel Prize sold for $765,000 to an anonymous buyer online.
“It’s terrible,” Leon’s wife Ellen Lederman told NBC News back in 2015 after they had to sell the Nobel Prize. “It’s really hard. I wish it could be different. But he’s happy. He likes where he lives with cats and dogs and horses. He doesn’t have any problems with anxiety, and that makes me glad that he’s so content.”
From the Associated Press:
Lederman was born July 15, 1922, in New York City, where his father operated a hand laundry. Lederman earned a degree in chemistry from City College of New York in 1943, served three years in the U.S. Army during World War II, and then went to Columbia University where he received a Ph.D. in particle physics in 1951.
He began making discoveries involving subatomic particles, eventually becoming director of Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory.
Some scientists take issue with the name “God particle” as sensationalistic, but it’s officially part of the international lexicon now, so there’s no changing it. Lederman had a knack for helping the public better understand science, and the complexity of the Higgs boson was no different.

Social Media: Instagram back up after worldwide outage

Social Media: Instagram back up after worldwide outage
Silhouettes of mobile users are seen next to a screen projection of Instagram logo in this picture illustrationFacebook Inc's photo-sharing social network Instagram is back up for some users on Wednesday, after suffering a worldwide outage days after it installed a new head of the app.
According to a check by Reuters, the mobile app and the website, which were temporarily down, are back up and users could post pictures and videos on to their feed. Earlier, the app displayed an error message saying "couldn't refresh feed," while its website did not load for users.
Users bombarded Twitter to complain about the outage, tweeting jokes and comments along with the #instagramdown hashtag. "How am I supposed to know who likes avocado on toast now #instagramdown," Connell@connell_mchugh tweeted.DownDetector's live outage map earlier showed that parts of North America, Europe, Australia, India, Singapore and other countries were facing issues with the service. http://bit.ly/2ydg8We
Facebook and Instagram were not immediately available to comment.
The global outage comes after Instagram announced on Monday that long-term insider Adam Mosseri will take over as the new head of the photo-sharing app, a week after its co-founders resigned.
The app has more than one billion active monthly users and has grown by adding features such as messaging and short videos. Culled

Space Science: University of Hong Kong boosts space research in mainland China with HK$10 million for new Hangzhou lab

Space Science: University of Hong Kong boosts space research in mainland China with HK$10 million for new Hangzhou lab
The University of Hong Kong is pumping HK$10 million (US$1.28 million) into building a new space research laboratory on the mainland as it seeks a greater role in Chinese projects, including a 50 million yuan (US$7.28 million) microsatellite it is working on with partners there.The new facility will be at the University of Hong Kong Zhejiang Institute of Research and Innovation (HKU-ZIRI) near Hangzhou in Zhejiang province.
“This strategic investment is designed to help put space and planetary sciences and space-related activities squarely on the map at HKU,” said Professor Quentin Parker, associate dean (global) in the faculty of science and acting director of the HKU Laboratory for Space Research.
Set to open in a few months, the lab will initially have about six members of staff. Next year it plans to launch the microsatellite, named HKU No 1, on a Chinese rocket from one of four mainland sites.





The satellite hosts a 50kg X-ray telescope being built and tested by the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation in Beijing. Inspired by a lobster’s vision – the crustacean’s pea-sized eyes give it wide-angle sight – the device is called the “lobster eye X-ray telescope”.
Parker described the lab as a “game changer” that would open up opportunities for space research in Hong Kong and on the mainland.
China has an ambitious space programme that aims to put a permanent space station into orbit by the early 2020s. This December the Chinese space agency will attempt to land a probe on the moon’s far side, and it also has plans for a moon base and mission to Mars.The country’s space budget was US$6.1 billion in 2013, according to the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.
Parker said the HKU lab would fund the work of two postdoctoral fellows from top mainland institutions – the Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics at Peking University and a space and astrophysics group at Nanjing University.
“These shared positions will be hosted by the physics and earth sciences departments at HKU 50 per cent of the time. This will help turbo charge collaboration and opportunities for Hong Kong-based scientists with top mainland space and astrophysics groups,” he said.
Parker’s next step would be to find donors to endow a chair professor in space science at HKU, he added, boosting the lab’s already strong line-up of staff, which includes astrophysicist Dr Meng Su and internationally known Mars expert Dr Joseph Michalski.
“We are well placed to emerge over the coming years as a true force in space and planetary science – in Hong Kong, the mainland, and globally,” Parker said.

Australia Aiming at becoming the first country in the world to eliminate cervical cancer

Australia Aiming at becoming the first country in the world to eliminate cervical cancer
main article imageAustralia will become the first country in the world to eliminate cervical cancer, according to a new study which shows the current national prevention program is working exceptionally well.According to a team led by researchers from the Cancer Council NSW, in just two years the incidence of cervical cancer in Australia will be so low, it will be considered a rare cancer.
That means having just six new cases per 100,000 people in a year, according to the study.
By 2028, the team predicts the rate will drop even more, to fewer than four new cases per 100,000 people - a rate so low they're suggesting it classes as this type of cancer being eliminated.
"Australia, the global front runner in cervical cancer prevention, is on track to eliminate cervical cancer as a public health problem by 2028," the team writes in The Lancet Public Health.
And it's not just new cases that will become exceedingly rare, either. If Australia keeps up its current prevention efforts, by 2034 there will be less than one death per 100,000 people annually.
These figures are based on a modelling study, where researchers used real data to predict the incidence of cervical cancer in the country between 2015 and 2100, based on various scenarios.
The results are particularly exciting considering how common and deadly cervical cancer is in other countries around the world.According to the World Health Organization (WHO), it's the fourth most frequent cancer in women overall, and has a particularly high mortality rate - because there are so few symptoms, it's often not caught until too late.
The crazy thing is, cervical cancer doesn't have to be that deadly, because we have the tools to largely prevent it from happening; it's a matter of giving people access to the right types of screening and prevention, which includes vaccination against the sexually transmitted human papillomavirus (HPV).
We know that 99 percent of all cervical cancers are caused by an infection with HPV. The virus itself is common, as around 80 percent of people manage to catch it in their lifetime, and the vast majority of time it's benign.
Unfortunately, in rare cases the HPV infection can cause changes in the cervical cells, which over time go on to develop cancer.
So what is Australia doing differently? The country has a comprehensive prevention strategy in place, which started in 1991 with the National Cervical Screening Program that encouraged sexually active women or those over the age of 18 to get pap smears every two years.But the most radical move came in 2007, when the country encouraged all teenage girls to receive free HPV vaccinations, something that was so effective they rolled the same program out for boys in 2013.
Other countries such as the UK have since followed their lead with the vaccination scheme, but in the US it's not free for everyone, and can cost up to US$450 for the full regimen.
Last year Australia also replaced pap smears with HPV cervical screening tests, which are predicted to reduce cancer rates by up to 30 percent in combination with the vaccine.
So what does it mean for a cancer to be fully eliminated? The WHO doesn't actually have a defined threshold at the moment, because, well, no one has ever fully eliminated a cancer before.
The new paper puts the suggested threshold at four cases per 100,000 people annually - the number Australia is on track to reach by 2028.
It remains to be seen whether the WHO will accept that definition of 'fully eliminated', but in any case, Australia is leading the way.
"Regardless of what the [elimination] threshold is, it is likely Australia would be the first country to reach it given our current low rate of cervical cancer, and our strong prevention programmes," Megan Smith, one of the study authors from Cancer Council NSW, told the BBC.
Still, there's work to be done.
The paper highlights the fact that despite the expected progress, the country needs to continue to focus on making sure young people receive the HPV vaccine, and also screening older people who didn't receive the immunisation. Culled

List of Twenty of Africa’s youngest entrepreneurs competing for a share of US$100,000 cash prize

List of Twenty of Africa’s youngest entrepreneurs competing for a share of US$100,000 cash prize
Entrepreneurship is central to Africa’s economic growth and is one of the keys to unlocking job opportunities for young people across the continent. Today, Mastercard Foundation in partnership with the African Leadership Academy (ALA) is pleased to announce that 20 of Africa’s youngest and brightest entrepreneurs will join the Anzisha Fellowship–a lifelong affiliation that will help accelerate their path to entrepreneurship success.  On Tuesday, October 23, these 20 finalists will compete for the Anzisha Prize, Africa’s premier award for her youngest entrepreneurs.
The Anzisha Prize awards young entrepreneurs who have developed and implemented innovative solutions to social challenges or started successful businesses within their communities.  Selected from a pool of over 600 applicants, from 13 countries, the finalists are armed with the tools they need to grow their business and attract investment, and are coached and mentored by industry experts. As Anzisha Fellows, they emerge as role models igniting the entrepreneurial spirit within their peers and creating job opportunities in their communities.
Now in its 8th year, the Anzisha Prize program attracts young entrepreneurs from across Africa and for the first time, the Prize is recognizing the achievements of entrepreneurs from Benin, Libya, and Sierra Leone. Applicants represent a wide variety of entrepreneurial efforts, from manufacturing, mining, and healthcare, but agripreneurs continue to dominate the applicant pool. Among them is Kenyan Kevin Kibet, the 22-year old founder of FarmMoja Limited which supports smallholder farmers by providing them with inputs, training, and access to reliable markets. Since its inception in 2016, FarmMoja has distributed inputs to 30 farmers, acquired a seven-acre farm with 1,000 trees, and raised $20,000 in equity funding from angel investors to underwrite its expansion activities. Another finalist, Vanessa Ishiimwe from Rwanda is running three learning centres within a Ugandan refugee camp which are educating more than 300 children and employing 18 youth as teachers.
“Investing in young entrepreneurs to address the youth employment challenge is at the core of the Foundation’s Young Africa Works strategy,” said Koffi Assouan, Program Manager, Mastercard Foundation. “These Fellows are tackling challenges in their communities and driving job creation and sustainable economic growth by improving efficiency in the agrifood sector. We congratulate them on their success.”
The 20 finalists will be flown to Johannesburg for a 10-day entrepreneurship boot camp where they will receive intensive training from African Leadership Academy’s renowned Entrepreneurial Leadership faculty. They will be coached on how to pitch their business to a panel of judges for a share of the US$100,000 cash prize.  The grand prize winner will receive US$25,000. The remainder of the prize money will be shared among the rest of the finalists. Additionally, each finalist is enrolled in a Fellowship program that will provide over $7,500 in additional support and services.
This year, for the first time, the pitch competition will be live streamed across the continent.  Online audiences will have the opportunity to tune into the pitch competition and rally behind the entrepreneurs who inspire them most, possibly motivating them to begin their own entrepreneurial journey. The pitching event will be hosted by Cameroonian Tonje Bakang, a tech entrepreneur who created Africa’s Netflix, Afrostream and a long-time supporter of young entrepreneurs.
“What makes the Anzisha Prize unique is its dedicated investment in Africa’s young job starters as a means to encourage other high potential young entrepreneurs across the continent.  We want these stories to reach the right person at the right moment to catalyse their interest and entry into entrepreneurship,” said Josh Adler, Vice President of Growth and Entrepreneurship at African Leadership Academy.
The winners will be announced during an extraordinary gala evening on October 23, which will include a keynote address from Sim Shagaya, a Nigerian entrepreneur who is the founder and former CEO of Konga.com, one of West Africa’s largest electronic commerce websites.
The Anzisha Prize will be hosting events across the continent to share the stories of this year’s top 20 entrepreneurs and to encourage young Africans to start their own ventures. To register your organisation for an official live streaming event, register at www.anzishaprize.org/watchanzishalive or email prize@anzishaprize.org.
The 2018 finalists for the Anzisha Prize are:
  1. Akpe Kevin Edorh, 22, Togo: Akpe founded SOS System, an SMS-based, rapid response system that allows users to quickly and efficiently get assistance to victims of emergency situations.
  2. Aldred Dogue, 21, Benin: Aldred is the founder of Africa Foods Mill, a company that purchases local agricultural produce from smallholder farmers and transforms it into packaged convenience foods.
  3. Alhaji Bah, 19, Sierra Leone: Alhaji is the founder of Rugsal Trading, a company that produces handcrafted paper bags as well as briquettes for cooking fuel.
  4. Alina Karimamusama, 22, Zambia: Alina is the founder of Youth Arize, a non-profit that empowers women with tangible skills they can use to find or create work for themselves.
  5. Amanda Jojo, 21, South Africa: Amanda is the founder of The Trea Garden, an upscale cafe providing high-quality coffee and accompaniments in a relaxing atmosphere.
  6. Awah Ntseh, 22, Cameroon: Awah is the founder of Farmers Forte, a snail farm that extracts snail mucin from snails to use for a line of cosmetics.
  7. Boluwatife Omotayo, 22, Nigeria: Boluwatife is the founder of TabDigital, an IT company that helps consumers find artisans who can repair and replace electronic gadgets.
  8. Farah Emara, 21, Egypt: Farah is the founder of Jidar Wall Art, a non-profit collective that harnesses the power of art to transform interior spaces into works of art.
  9. Joan Nalubega, 20, Uganda: Joan is the founder of Uganics, which aims to combat malaria by producing anti-malaria products: a long-lasting mosquito repellent soap for children and families.
  10. Kevin Kibet, 22, Kenya: Kevin is the founder of FarmMoja Limited, which works with smallholder farmers by giving them training and access to reliable markets.
  11. Kisseka Samson, 22, Uganda: Kisseka is the founder of Hello Mushrooms, a co-operative that collaborates with farmers to grow and sell mushrooms.
  12. Kondwani Banda, 21, Zambia: Kondwani is the founder of The Mainstream, a digital magazine that aims to tell authentic African stories.
  13. Lourena Bindi, 20, Angola: Lourena is the founder of L&C Buffett, a company that makes decorations and party snacks for children in Luanda.
  14. Melissa Bime, 21, Cameroon: Melissa is the founder of INFIUSS, an online blood bank and digital supply chain platform that delivers lifesaving blood in Cameroon.
  15. Mohamed Sherif, 18, Libya: Mohamed is the founder of Sherif Ice Flakes where he creates and sells ice flakes in boxes that fisherman can use to refrigerate their catch while out at sea.
  16. Mohamed El Idrysy, 22, Morocco: Mohamed is the founder of Health Solutions INC, a company that provides soft skills training for health professionals in areas such as communication, leadership, and critical thinking.
  17. Nomena Andrianantoandro, 21, Madagascar: Nomena is the founder of Boissa Sarl, a healthy beverage company that produces an assortment of healthy fruit juices.
  18. Richard Turere, 18, Kenya: Richard is the founder of Lion Lights, a company that distributes LED lights that flash in a sequence and repels lions from coming close to livestock.
  19. Thando Hlongwane, 20, South Africa: Thando is the founder of Kazi, a platform that connects young software developers seeking job experience with start-ups in need of affordable product development services.
  20. Vanessa Ishimwe, 22, Rwanda: Vanessa is the founder of Youth Initiative for Development in Africa (YIDA), which provides free early childhood education to refugee children through special learning centres and schools.
Keep up with the latest news, meet the finalists, hear more about their ventures, and watch the awards gala live on YouTube.

Moon Four times bigger than Earth, May Have Finally Been Discovered Outside Our Solar System

main article image
Given the abundance of moons in our own Solar System, you'd think there are heaps orbiting exoplanets, too. Such exomoons have been elusive until now - but it looks like that has finally changed.Last year, astronomers Alex Teachey and David Kipping of Columbia University announced they'd spotted the very first exomoon candidate in data from the Kepler telescope.
Now they've conducted follow-up observations with the powerful Hubble Space Telescope. Those observations point even more strongly to the discovery of the very first exomoon.
"This would be the first case of detecting a moon outside our Solar System," Kipping said.
"If confirmed by follow-up Hubble observations, the finding could provide vital clues about the development of planetary systems and may cause experts to revisit theories of how moons form around planets."
Kepler-1625b-i, as the candidate exomoon has been named, orbits an exoplanet called Kepler-1625b, which in turn orbits a yellow, Sun-like star called Kepler-1625. The entire system is located around 8,000 light-years away, a distance recently revised with the aid of Gaia data.
The planet, Kepler-1625-b, is a Jupiter-sized gas giant, just over 11 times the radius of Earth, but with considerably more mass than Jupiter.
The candidate moon is also a whopper - according to the astronomers' calculations, it's roughly the size of Neptune, and therefore also a gas body, orbiting its planet at a distance of about 3 million kilometres.
The astronomers first got a hint of Kepler-1625b-i when they studied Kepler data on 284 exoplanets in search of an exomoon - what they describe as "little deviations and wobbles" beyond the normal transit dips in the light curve coming from the star as the planet moves across it. But it wasn't enough information.

"Kepler recorded just three transits of the planet in front of her star, and that's largely because the planet takes almost a year to complete an orbit. Three transits was tantalising, but not conclusive. Because Kepler can no longer observe the same field, we asked for some follow up observations with Hubble. Our analysis of the new light curve reveals two substantial anomalies," Kipping explained during a press briefing.
"The first is that the planet appears to transit one and a quarter hours too early; that's indicative of something gravitationally tugging on the planet. The second anomaly is an additional decrease in the star's brightness after the planetary transit has completed."Sadly, Hubble's time is in high demand, which means the time Teachey and Kipping had with the telescope was limited to 40 hours. This time ran out before the moon's complete transit could be measured.
While these observations mount further evidence for the existence of Kepler-1625b-i, they are not, as yet, conclusive.
Other explanations for the signals observed by Teachey and Kipping could include a second planet orbiting Kepler-1625 - although, they note, so far Kepler has found no evidence of a second planet.
Another potential explanation is that one or more of the signals they observed were noise from the star itself. However, the star itself, as the team have ascertained from Kepler data, is so quiet they can't even detect its rotation. So stellar noise is possible, but Teachey and Kipping found no evidence for it.
It's reasonable to start getting excited about the possibility of a brand new discovery - a first of its kind that hopefully heralds many more in the future.
"If validated, the planet moon system, a Jupiter with a Neptune-sized moon, would be a remarkable system with unanticipated properties, in many ways echoing the unexpected discovery of hot Jupiters in the early days of planet hunting," Kipping said.
exmoon artist impressionAn artist's impression of exoplanet Kepelr-1625b and its moon. (Dan Durda)
It will certainly raise some questions about moon formation.
Kepler-1625b-i is about 1.5 percent of the mass of the planet, similar to the mass-ratio of Earth and the Moon. But because both bodies are gaseous (which means neither are habitable as we understand it, in case you were wondering), and because of the moon's size, that raises questions about how it got there.Our Moon may have formed as the result of a collision with Earth, but a collision with a gas planet like Kepler-1625b might not result in enough material to form a Neptune-sized moon.
Jupiter's moons are believed to have formed from a ring of material; but again, none of Jupiter's moons are the size of Neptune. Or it could have been an object that was captured by the planet's gravity from elsewhere.
For now, we can't get any answers to those questions, but we can at least hope the moon discovery will be confirmed, hopefully by future Hubble and James Webb Space Telescope Observations.
"We're looking forward to the scrutiny of the scientific community on this work and we hope we'll have an opportunity to observe the target again before too long," Teachey said.
Source: Sciencealert

Details on upcoming Kia all-electric crossover - 2019 Kia e-Niro

Details on upcoming Kia all-electric crossover - 2019 Kia e-Niro
e niro
The production version of the all-electric crossover, which Kia is showing off at the Paris Motor Show this week, has a range of about 301 miles (for those who opt for the bigger battery pack) on the European WLTP combined testing cycle. The estimated EPA-range has yet to be released, but expect it to be lower, at somewhere around 250-ish miles in the U.S.
That 301 miles of range is one of the longer ranges in the world of EVs and it’s possible thanks to a 64 kilowatt-hour battery pack, regenerative braking and a feature that gives the driver suggestions on when to coast or brake to further optimize the system. The e-Niro with the 64 kWh battery pack is combined with a 150kW electric motor that produces 201 horsepower and 291 pound-feet of torque.
The vehicle comes standard with a smaller 39.2 kWh battery, which has a 100 kW electric motor and offers a driving range of up to 193 miles on a single charge under the WLTP cycle.
The all-electric crossover is based on the Niro hybrid and plug-in models. Kia has sold more than 200,000 of these hybrid and plug-in Niro vehicles worldwide since it was introduced in 2016.
The e-Niro is headed to Europe first. The company says the e-Niro will go on sale in select European markets at the end of the year. Kia’s U.S. website indicates the vehicle will also come to the states by the end of the year. However, we have yet to hear specifics on U.S. sales or whether the European rollout might push that date into 2019.

The e-Niro looks a lot like its gas-based counterpart and offers some of the same features, including the option to add a driver assistance system with adaptive cruise control, automatic emergency braking, forward collision warning and lane-keep assist.
However, there are a few differences. The grille on the e-Niro has an integrated charging port and the front bumper has been changed to help improve the aerodynamics, and, by extension, the range of the vehicle. The vehicle also has redesigned air intakes.
The inside is a bit different too, as there’s no need for a traditional gear stick and gear linkage in a vehicle with an all-electric powertrain. Nor is there a need for a transmission tunnel, allowing engineers to create a larger storage area at the base of the central console. Kia replaced the transmission with a new “shift-by-wire” rotator dial drive selector.
kia e-niro interior paris motor show
The dial sits on a panel that extends out from the base of the central armrest. Drivers will also find on the panel buttons for the electronic parking brake, heated and ventilated seats, heated steering wheel, drive mode selector, parking sensors and the Niro’s braking “Auto Hold” function. 
The vehicle is equipped with a 7-inch touchscreen at the center of the dashboard that includes a few electric vehicle-specific features, such as the ability to find nearby charging stations and monitor charge levels. Owners will be able to set a departure time for their next journey, enabling the car to heat itself to a set temperature before the driver departs. There’s also a charge management function designed to extend the life of the battery.

Do you that Bonnethead Sharks Eat Plants?

Do you that Bonnethead Sharks Eat Plants?
NOT JUST A MEAT EATER Scientists say the bonnethead is the first shark known to eat plants.
© FTLAUDGIRL—GETTY IMAGES NOT JUST A MEAT EATER Scientists say the bonnethead is the first shark known to eat plants.
Researchers have discovered a type of shark that eats plants in addition to animals. It is the first shark known to be an omnivore.
Bonnethead sharks live in shallow coastal waters of the United States, Central America, and South America. Their habitat is filled with seagrass. Scientists have long known that the bonnethead eats the grass, as well as animals like squid and fish. They thought the shark ate the grass accidentally. But researchers at the University of California, Irvine, discovered enzymes in the shark’s gut that break down plant matter. This shows that the bonnethead eats the grass on purpose, and gets nutrition from it.
Samantha Leigh headed up the study. She told the AP that this is “yet another indication of why we need to preserve this vegetation."